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And how appearance (appearance, mainly the appearance of the child's skin is taken into account)
P for pulse rate (heart rate, i.e. the number of heart beats per minute)
G like grimace (grimaces, i.e. the child's reaction to annoying situations, patting, or delicate flicks)
And how activity (activity - muscle tension is assessed by observation and by assessing the resistance force when bending the legs and arms)
R for respiration (breathing if the child can breathe and cry on their own)
|Feature||0 points||1 point||2 points|
|AND||ANDppearance (Skin color) skin color||cyanosis of the whole body||pink torso, cyanosis of part of the limbs||whole body pink|
|P||Pulsepuls / for min.||imperceptible||<100||>100|
|G||Grimace (Reflex irritability) reaction to stimuli (e.g. nasal catheter insertion)||no stimulus response||wince||coughing or sneezing|
|AND||ANDctivity (Muscle tone) muscle tone||no tension, general flaccidity||reduced tension, bent limbs||proper tension, independent movements, high activity|
|R||Respirationoddychanie||no breath||slow and irregular||good breathing or loud crying|
Each of these factors is rated on a scale of 0 to 2 (very good condition). The ideal score for a newborn is 10 points. When a child receives between 7 and 10 points, it means that their condition is good, and obtaining below 7 points indicates that the child is in danger and requires special observation or medical attention. The Apgar test is repeated after 5 minutes and the obtained score may differ from that of the first minute.
Should the Apgar test result bother? Yes and no. It should be considered. However, low scores do not mean that your child will grow less. Most children with low Apgar scores develop normally.