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The hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy cause alterations in the mouth of the pregnant woman, such as the appearance of cavities, gingivitis, excess salivation or tooth mobility. Therefore, the prevention and care of dental health is a primary objective during pregnancy.
Prevention is essential for good dental health during pregnancy. Ideally, if you are planning to get pregnant is to have a previous dental check-up. The dentist will be able to do all the necessary diagnostic tests, including x-rays if he considers it necessary, and also dental treatments if you need it. So when conception occurs you will have a healthy and healthy mouth.
If you have not been to the dentist for a long time and you have become pregnant, it is also time to do a thorough check-up, although the dentist will not do X-rays in this case, as they are contraindicated with your condition. In any case, the specialist will give you all the necessary recommendations to maintain a healthy and cared mouth during pregnancy.
These are the most common oral problems in pregnant women:
- In pregnant women there are changes in the composition of saliva This, together with frequent nausea and / or vomiting during the first trimester of pregnancy, can erode the tooth enamel and produce sensitivity in the teeth. It is advisable to rinse with water after each vomit and your dentist will also recommend using a mouthwash and toothpaste with fluoride to prevent this problem.
- Changes in the pregnant woman's diet coupled with changes in saliva can increase the appearance of cavities during pregnancy, so it is recommended to follow the recommendations that your dentist will give you: toothbrushing after every meal, rinsing with fluoride and daily flossing. If nausea occurs during brushing, use a small, soft brush.
- Gingival changes and tooth mobility. Due to the hormonal changes that women undergo during pregnancy, the accumulation of bacterial plaque and vascular changes, the gums may be red, swollen and bleed. This is known as pregnancy gingivitis and it usually goes away after delivery. To avoid this, it is recommended to clean your mouth when necessary and brush your teeth and gums carefully after meals, to which you should add the use of dental floss on a daily basis.
- The ‘granuloma of pregnancy'. It is a bulging lesion that appears on the gum and bleeds easily, it is often associated with poor oral hygiene. It usually appears during the second trimester and disappears only progressively or after delivery.
- Sometimes the pregnant woman presents dental pain, infection, or urgency and it is necessary to carry out the treatment because the benefit is greater than the minimum risks that it entails. In this case, if there is a choice, it is better to do it during the second trimester of pregnancy.
You can read more articles similar to Changes in the pregnant woman's mouth, in the category of Diseases - annoyances on site.