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The diet of the pregnant woman must contain nutrients, essential for the good evolution of the pregnancy. There are five groups of nutrients: proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and fats that must be present in different proportions in the nutritional pyramid in pregnancy.
A balanced and healthy diet in pregnancy it must contain the necessary supply of nutrients recommended by the nutritional pyramid. It will be beneficial both for you to have enough energy for the perfect development of the baby in the womb.
- Carbohydrates: carbohydrates must be found at the base of the nutritional pyramid of pregnant women. Potatoes, bread, cereals, rice or pasta must constitute half of the food you have to consume per day.
- Vegetables and vegetables: The next step in the nutritional pyramid in pregnancy is occupied by vegetables as they are an excellent source of vitamins and minerals. It is advisable that you take about 4 servings a day (a serving would be equal to a cup of green leafy vegetables)
- Fruits: The same importance in your daily diet you have to give to fruits. Ideally, take between 2 and 4 pieces of fruit a day. You can eat them whole or prepare a varied fruit juice. They will give you the essential vitamins that the baby needs to develop.
- Protein: You can get them from dairy, eggs, meat, chicken, or nuts. It is advisable to eat a liter of milk a day. You can vary by taking yogurts or cheeses. They are basic to obtain proteins, calcium and phosphorus. Also, try to introduce lean meats or chicken meat to your every day, always well cooked.
- Fats: They are also necessary, although you should reduce their consumption as much as possible since they are at the top of the nutritional pyramid in pregnancy. The most beneficial are those found in the omega3 acids present in oily fish and olive oil.
Following the nutritional pyramid in pregnancy guarantees an optimal diet. However, it is possible that to ensure the necessary supply of vitamins and minerals, the gynecologist will prescribe a multivitamin that you should take throughout the pregnancy. Likewise, from the beginning of pregnancy they will prescribe a folic acid supplement if you did not already take it before pregnancy. The intake of this supplement prevents the fetus from developing neural tube defects.
In many cases, pregnant women suffer from anemia, so they will also prescribe an iron supplement to avoid this deficiency. It is recommended that you take it with juices rich in vitamin C so that it is easier to absorb and helps you fight constipation that can cause the intake of this mineral.
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