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Hormonal disorders and problems with getting pregnant

Hormonal disorders and problems with getting pregnant

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Nowadays, more and more women suffer from various types of hormonal disorders. According to a study, in 30-40% of womenwho have trouble getting pregnant, hormonal disorders are the main culprit. Hormones regulate the work of the whole human body and have a huge impact also on reproductive processes. They are responsible for the maturation of the ovum, its release from the Graafian follicle, as well as whether the fertilized embryo will be able to nest in the uterus. Finally, hormones also care for the proper course of pregnancy and for supporting it.

It is no wonder then that many women in which hormones are secreted in the wrong amounts, has big problems not only with the conception of the child, but also with maintaining the already existing pregnancy.

What types of hormonal disorders affect pregnancy and is it possible to give birth to a healthy baby?

The most common hormonal disorders in women

  • Disorders of progesterone secretion - they are caused by a malfunction of the corpus luteum, which secretes too little of progesterone, the hormone that drives the luteal phase in the menstrual cycle. Progesterone secretion disorders result shortened duration of the second phase of the menstrual cycle, whose length in this case is less than 12 days and problems with maintaining pregnancy. Disorders of progesterone secretion may result in miscarriages and premature delivery. Most often they concern women over 30 years of age suffering from PCOS or hyperprolactinemia.
  • High prolactin (hyperprolactinemia) - a disorder in the secretion of prolactin, a hormone that secretes the anterior pituitary gland. In pregnant women, this hormone is responsible for lactation. In women who are not pregnant, however, prolactin inhibits the production of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which is responsible for ovulation. Women who have too much of this hormone may not ovulate at all or have trouble implanting a fertilized egg into the womb.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) - the name of this disorder comes from cysts that as a result appear on the ovaries of women suffering from PCOS. The ovaries of these women produce in excess male sex hormones, testosterone and androgens, which cause an increase in the level of luteinizing hormone and a decrease in the concentration of follicle stimulating hormone. As a result of this condition, the follicles are unable to mature, which prevents conceiving a child.
  • Thyroid disorders - we distinguish two types of thyroid disorders: underactive and overactive. Both types result in the occurrence of very irregular menstruation and fertility disorders in women suffering from thyroid disorders.

Symptoms of hormonal disorders in women who are unsuccessfully trying to get a baby

Here are some of the most important symptoms that may suggest that a woman may have a hormonal disorder:

  • irregular and prolonged periods;
  • too scanty or too heavy bleeding during the period;
  • periodic absence of menstruation;
  • the appearance of intermenstrual bleeding;
  • excessive body hair (face area, dark hair on the legs and arms);
  • occurrence of abdominal obesity.

However, it is worth knowing that not every woman who suffers from hormonal disorders must necessarily appear these symptoms. In many of them, hormonal disorders they give virtually no symptoms, and they find out about their hormonal problems only when they can't get pregnant for a long time. So if you have been trying for a child unsuccessfully for at least half a year, we do not get sick and we do not have any major health problems, it is worth going to consult a specialist.

Treatment of hormonal disorders in women

If hormonal disorders are diagnosed, treatment consisting of administering hormones in the correct proportions via tablets or injections is used. Such hormone therapy stimulates the ovaries and regulates the concentration of proper hormones, thanks to which it is possible to conceive a child naturally. In the course of therapy, fertilization may occur, however, it is worth knowing that in the case of too high doses of hormones administered, it may also occur multiple pregnancy.

Problems with getting pregnant - is a woman always "guilty"?

Many of us, after months of unsuccessful attempts to conceive a longed-for child, blame ourselves for the inability to get pregnant. In the first place, women think that "fault" must necessarily lie on their side, and the lack of pregnancy results from irregularities in the functioning of their body. However, it's worth knowing that according to research, about 35% of infertility cases result from problems lying on the woman's side, but the same applies to male fertility disorders.

Therefore, if for a long time unsuccessfully trying with a partner for a child, it is worth going together for a follow-up visit. It does not always turn out that the inability to conceive a child results from health problems lying on the woman's side. Men can also suffer from certain diseases that prevent them from fertilizing. It is worth, therefore, that both partners undergo specialist examinations, so that it is possible to determine the cause of infertility and take effective treatment. Only in the case of hormonal disorders will it enable us to welcome the anticipated child in the world.